# Whole-kidney models

Aug 30, 2011 — Whole-kidneySome existing whole-kidney models, which also include other portions the cardio-vascular system.

- Mathematical model of the human renal system (1985);
- Systems model of renal dialysis: Formulation, validation identification (1982);
- A System of Models for Fluid-Electrolyte Dynamics (1985);
- A computer model of the kidney (1992); and
- Long-term mathematical model involving renal sympathetic nerve activity, arterial pressure, and sodium excretion (2005).